Diogenes Laertius reports the charges as recorded in the now-lost document: He argues that he never presumed to be a teacher, just a figure who roamed Athens answering the questions that were put to him.
He isattempting to refute the god at Delphi. Plato quotes Anytus as warning Socrates: The poets helped to shape Greek culture. The range of possible punishments included death, imprisonment, loss of civil rights i. Join Essayworld today to view this entire essay and over 50, other term papers speaks out the accusers charges by saying "Socrates does injustice and is meddlesome, by investigating the things under the earth and the heavenly things, and by making the weaker the stronger and by teaching others these things" Plato, 19b;c.
Four jurors were assigned the task of counting votes. The magistrate questioned both Meletus and Socrates, then gave both the accuser and defendant an opportunity to question each other. In proposing death, the accusers might well have expected to counter with a proposal for exile--a punishment that probably would have satisfied both them and the jury.
Under Athenian law, execution was accomplished by drinking a cup of poisoned hemlock. The problem remains making philosophy friendly to politics. Athenians undoubtedly considered the teachings of Socrates--especially his expressions of disdain for the established constitution--partially responsible for the resulting death and suffering.
Socrates replaces Zeus with nature, the permanent and necessary thingsaccessable to reason. Rather, it required--in addition to belief in the gods-- observance of rites, prayers, and the offering of sacrifices. The new website has a cleaner look, additional video and audio clips, revised trial accounts, and new features that should improve the navigation.
According to Diogenes Laertius, jurors voted for death, for the fine. A council ran both the government and the court system. Anytus, the Power Behind the Prosecution Anytus, a powerful middle-class politician from a family of tanners, is generally considered to have been the driving force behind the prosecution of Socrates.
Lycon may also have blamed Socrates for a homosexual relationship between his son, Autolycus, and a friend of Socrates--three decades older than Autolycus--named Callias. Anytus supported the Amnesty of Eucleides in that prohibited prosecution of offenses occurring during or before the Rule of Thirty.
Xenophon indicates that the impiety charge stemmed primarily from the contention of Socrates that he received divine communications a "voice" or a "sign" directing him to avoid politics and concentrate on his philosophic mission.
Neither his wife Xanthippe nor any of his three sons made a personal appearance. Each accuser spoke from an elevated stage. There are no records suggesting that Athenian practice allowed defendants to speak after sentencing.
A vague charge such as impiety invited jurors to project their many and varied grievances against Socrates. What appears almost certain is that the decisions to prosecute and ultimately convict Socrates had a lot to do with the turbulent history of Athens in the several years preceding his trial.
Blamed for losing Pylos to the Spartans, Anytus faced charges of treason, but was acquitted--with the help of a well-placed jury bribe, according to several accounts.
The questioning of authoritativeopinions is not easily accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy — thepursuit of wisdom. The document containing the charges against Socrates survived until at least the second century C.
Socrates is subtly admittinghis guilt. Socrates bc Socrates, an Athenian Greek of the second half of the fifth century bc, wrote no philosophical works but was uniquely influential in the later. Growing to adulthood in this bastion of liberalism and democracy, Socrates somehow developed a set of values and beliefs that would put him at odds with most of his fellow Athenians.
Philosphy begins in debunking what the city thinks they know in order to refute the god. The prosecution and the defendant each propose a punishment and the jury chooses between the two punishment options presented to it. Socrates must have known that his proposed "punishment" would infuriate the jury.
Athens finally had enough of "Socratified" youth. Comic poet Eupolis has one of his characters say: The problem now is how to make philsoophyfriendly to politics. View Notes - Socrates First Accusers and Athenian Law from ENG at University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley.
Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law Of all meetings in political logic, the. § Shows his support for Athenian law (19a7) In the first part, Socrates gives a long speech.
This is Socrates defense against his accusers. During this speech, Socrates says many examples of characters in Greek books. For example, he talks about "the clouds" which is a comedy play. men of Athens, how my accusers affected you,” is.
The Archon determined--after listening to Socrates and Meletus (and perhaps the other two accusers, Anytus and Lycon)--that the lawsuit was permissible under Athenian law, set a date for the "preliminary hearing" (anakrisis), and posted a public notice at the Royal Stoa. SOCRATES, PLATO, AND THE LAWS OF ATHENS In Plato’s Apology, in front of the Athenian jury, ‘given the ways in which he construes his duties to the law and to the god, Socrates could not conceive of a situation in which they would come into conflict’ [p.
]. his accusers: ‘And I depart from here condemned by you to death, my. During the first three hours of trial, Meletus and the other two accusers each mounted a small stage in the law court in the center of Athens to deliver speeches to the jury making the case for the guilt of Socrates.
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Commentary on Plato's Apology of Socrates.A report on socratess first accusers and athenian law